The CAT exam pattern comprises of critical reasoning questions that are designed for testing the analytical and critical thinking skills of the applicants. These critical questions are basically mini reading comprehension questions that are followed by passages that are one paragraph in length.
Critical Reasoning Questions for CAT Exam
The Critical reasoning questions that come in CAT exam usually ask the candidates to do the following.
· Weaken an argument
· Strengthen an argument
· Identify the inference
· Identify a parallel argument
· Select the best conclusion
· Identify the assumption
Tips for cracking Critical Reasoning Questions
· Read the question prior to reading the passage:Students should read out the questions before reading the passage as it is important to know what is being asked in the passage. Depending on the questions that are asked, you may want to approach to same passage differently. It is because you may be asked either to destroy an argument, or find the best conclusion to the passage. Therefore it is essential to read the questions carefully.
· Identify the passage conclusion: You should try to identify the assumption and conclusion of the passage as CAT passages more often imply instead of stating their conclusions. It can only be achieved by regular practice.
· Guess the correct answer before reading answer choices.This trick helps you in landing at the correct answers quickly. You should read every answer choice because you are required to select the best answer out of the entire lot.
· Use the elimination procedure: You should try to eliminate the weakest answer out of the choices available. Among the various answer options, there are usually some options that will do the opposite of what is being asked. Thus, you should quickly eliminate these choices while answering these questions.
· Practise working backwards: The process of “working backwards” involves inserting the answer choices into the text for adjudging if the passage makes any sense. This technique assists in answering the questions in case one gets stuck on a critical reasoning question. This procedure is usually time consuming and may require re-reading a passage 5 times by inserting diverse answer choice each time before making final choice.
· Be careful in selecting final answer:One should not select any answer simply if it appears to be true. The answer choices are usually the logical extension of the argument found in the passage.
· Avoid the decoys:Most of the times, the CAT passages comprises of irrelevant sentences and information. You should practise to ignore and separate these decoys from the remaining passage so that you do not get distracted from its content.
· Avoid emotionally charged answer choices: The CAT answer choices may be emotionally charged however the correct choices are always moderate in reasoning and emotionally neutral in tone.
· Ignore answer choices which make absolute statements: The CAT Absolute statements are those statements that employ usage of words like “always” and “must.” You can safely eliminate such choices.